Ethiopia is a multi-party federal democracy with legislative authority resting with the government headed by an executive prime minister and the elected House of Representatives (547 members) and the House of Federation (110 members).

The Prime Minister is chosen by the party in power following multi-party democratic national and federal state elections which are held every five years. Parties can be registered at either the national or the federal state level. The President is elected by the members of the House of People’s Representatives.

  • President: Sahlework Zewude
  • Prime Minister: Dr. Abiy Ahmed
  • Speaker of the House of People’s Representatives: Tagese Chafo

Below is the list of the ministers:

Cabinet (October 2020):

  • Deputy Prime Minister & Ministry of Foreign Affairs: Ato Demeke Mekonnen
  • Ministry of Peace Mrs. Mufuriat Kamil
  • Ministry of Defense: Dr. Qenea Yadeta
  • Ministry of Finance: Mr. Ahmed Shide
  • Attorney General: Dr. Gedion Timotheos
  • Ministry of Agriculture: Mr. Omer Husen
  • Ministry of Trade and Industry: Mr. Melaku Alebel
  • Ministry of Innovation and Technology: Dr. Abraham Belay
  • Ministry of Transport: Mrs. Dagmawit Moges
  • Ministry of Urban Development and construction: Eng. Aisha Mohammed Mussa
  • Ministry of Water, Irrigation and Energy: Dr. Engineer Sileshi Bekele
  • Ministry of Mines and Petroleum: Takele Uma
  • Ministry of Education: Dr. Getahun Mekuria
  • Ministry of Science and Higher Education: Dr. Samuel Hurka
  • Ministry of Health: Dr. Liya Tadesse
  • Ministry of Women, Children and Youth: Mrs.Filsan Abdullahi
  • Ministry of Labor and Social Affairs Dr. Ergoge Tesfay
  • Ministry of Culture, Tourism and Sport:: Dr. Hirut Kassaw
  • Ministry of Revenue: Mr. La’qe Ayalew
  • Planning and Development Commission Dr. Fetsum Assefa

The last federal and national elections were held in 2010 and were won by the Ethiopian People’s Revolutionary Democratic Front. The regional states (killil) elect their own Regional State Councils chosen from among their members.

The State Councils also designate members for the House of Federation. ANDP – Afar National Democratic Party; APDO- Argoba People Democratic Organization; BGPDP – Benishangul-Gumuz People’s Democratic Party; Forum – Ethiopian Federal Democratic Unity Forum (Medrek); GPUDM – Gambella Peoples Unity Democratic Movement; HNL – Harari National League; SPDM –Somali People’s Democratic Movement. The EPRDF – the Ethiopian People’s Revolutionary Democratic Party, is a coalition of the Amhara National Democratic Movement (ANDM), the Oromo People’s Democratic Organization (OPDO), the Tigrai People’s Liberation Front (TPLF) and the Southern Ethiopian Peoples’ Democratic Front (SEPDF). The EPRDF won 499 of the 547 federal parliamentary seats, with 38 seats in Tigray, 137 in Amhara, 178 in Oromia, 122 in South Ethiopia Peoples State and 22 seats in Addis Ababa. Allied parties won 8 seats in Afar states, 9 seats in Benishangul Gumuz, 3 seats in Gambella State and 23 seats in Somali State. The EPRDF also won one seat in each of Harari state and the Dire Dawa City Administration. The opposition Forum won one seat in Addis Ababa; an independent candidate won a seat in the South Ethiopia Peoples State.